Pectus excavatum is characterized by sunken chest or funnel chest in which breastbone or sternum depressed inward due to abnormal growth of rib cage. The exact cause of it is unknown, but scholars anticipate that the deformity mainly results due to excessive development of cartilage or connective tissue that connects the ribs cage to the sternum and consequently result in inward depression. Commonly, it is a congenital deformity and predominantly occurs in males where there are around 90% patients are with this chest wall abnormality. The underlying purpose of pectus excavatum surgery is to remove the deformity in order to recover the cardiac functions and correct the posture and breathing of a patient. The surgery involves the removal of a deformed portion of cartilage and reorientation of the sternum.
The pectus excavatum surgery is mainly done to improve the appearance of the chest and also alleviate the symptoms of the cardiac and pulmonary functionalities. Generally, there are no significant symptoms reported for pectus excavatum. However, complaints of fatigue, chest pain, tachycardia and shortness of breath are reported as the lungs may be compressed and not have enough room to expand fully. The condition itself is not life-threatening, but it can discomfort and lower self-esteem to some people.
Local statistics are not available for reported pectus excavatum in Malaysia. Generally, 1 out of 1000 babies is generally diagnosed with pectus excavatum. However, knowing more about this surgery can allow you aid someone in need. Explore the various pages related to how pectus excavatum surgery is done and the benefits and risks involved.